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Free Movement: time to think again?

Friday 21st November: Dr Sheila Lawlor writes. British Euroscepticism notched up another victory at Rochester when Mark Reckless, who resigned as a Conservative MP to join UKIP, was re-elected to parliament on 42.1 per cent of the vote. The Conservatives came second with 34.8 per cent and Labour third with 16.8 per cent. Not only was immigration a central issue for UKIP and the Conservatives, Labour too focused on some of the questions it raises for this country.
 
The problem UK leaders face is the EU principle of free movement. From Germany Mrs Merkel is reported as saying she would rather see the UK leave the EU than compromise on free movement. From Helsinki, the Nordic leaders reiterated this month that free movement was not negotiable. But voters, from the North Sea to Gallipoli, no longer believe the EU has the solution. Though their rulers may hold out for unlimited free movement, many voters, especially in the founder western countries and Britain, concerned with the consequences of open benefits, open labour markets and open access to housing, schools and health services, see things very differently.
 
Even where the leaders appear to be on the side of voters, they seem powerless to win against the EU. The recent Luxembourg court ruling, which limited unemployment benefits  to those migrants genuinely seeking work, may seem to be an exception, and it seems to have appeased some voters. But it is questionable whether this judgement amounts to very much in practice, since the burden of proof is on the court to prove a claimant was not genuine about seeking work. Usually, EU court rulings do not even have the semblance of supporting the interests of individual countries – as with the EU’s prohibition of the UK from deciding its own rules for bankers’ bonuses. As UKIP’s leader put it: you never win with the EU.
 

Blame the Message, Not the Man

Friday 14th November: As Labour MPs turn against their leader, Sheila Lawlor explains that the problem is not Ed Miliband, but voters distaste for traditional labour policy.
 
Ed Miliband, Labour’s leader, has been ‘fighting back’, mainly to prove to his own party that he can win the general election next May. His personal rating trails that of Nick Clegg. But worse, that of his party has now fallen according to one recent poll. While one new poll  shows Labour still leads at 34 percent (Conservatives 30 per cent, UKIP 19 per cent, Lib Dems 8 per cent) another suggests that only  29 per cent of people would vote Labour. On the Labour benches MPs and shadow ministers alike have the knives out. They fear Mr Miliband may lose their party the next election - and many of them their seats. One, Simon Danczuk, explains that what the public wants is ‘less’ not ’more’ Ed.
 
This focus on Mr Miliband, not least by himself, is however misplaced. True, he is not and never has been a popular figure, except for some trade unionists for whose brand of state run socialism he stands. But then, Westminster leaders have hardly been flavour of the year: they have trouble, or so it seems, connecting with the voters.  

Religious Persecution - One Cost of Populism? asks Dr Sheila Lawlor

Friday 7th November: Prince Charles has highlighted the plight of Christians in the Middle East, driven out of their homes, persecuted and sometimes murdered in the war zones which stretch from Iraq and Syria to Egypt and Libya. At best they escape with their lives from the lands, in which, as he rightly  pointed out, Christians have lived for 2,000 years, cohabiting peaceably with the Muslims who spread across the region in 700 AD.

Prince Charles was launching the report Religious Freedom in the World, http://religion-freedom-report.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/executive_summary.pdf, published by the charity, Aid to the Church in Need. Analysing developments in almost two hundred countries worldwide over the 2012-14 period, the report  identifies  81 countries (c 41 per cent) where religious freedom is impaired (classified as “high” or “medium”). Of the 20 countries with the greatest intolerance of religious freedom, in 14 religious persecution is linked to extremist Islam. These include Egypt, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Afghanistan, troubled states in chaos or civil war. They also include Iran, Yemen, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, some African countries (eg Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Somalia and Sudan) and Asian countries such as China and North Korea where religious persecution is linked to authoritarian regimes. 

Tax vs Spending: What's more moral for the global economy?

31st OctoberThis week the prime minister said the government had a ‘moral duty’ to cut taxes.  Dr Gerard Lyons explains that low taxes do matter but the moral case should be less about tax rates and more about the social contract.

Government should have a number of economic aims. One should be to keep taxes as low as possible. It is in this context that the Prime Minister's comments this week about the moral case for lower taxes make interesting reading. Since the party conferences, clear blue water has emerged between the policies of the major parties. A commitment to cut taxes would add to that divergence. 

The moral case for lower taxes appears to rest on the idea that people are better at spending their own money than governments. Yet, at the same time, it should be stressed, there clearly is a moral case for the government to spend in areas where it needs to, whether it be in terms of providing necessary infrastructure, or in terms of a workable social safety net. Perhaps, when considered this way, the moral case should be less about tax rates and as much about the right social contract. 

Tax v Spending: what’s more moral for a global economy?

This week the prime minister said the government had a ‘moral duty’ to cut taxes.  Dr Gerry Lyons explains that low taxes do matter but the moral case should be less about tax rates and more about the social contract. 

Government should have a number of economic aims. One should be to keep taxes as low as possible. It is in this context that the Prime Minister's comments this week about the moral case for lower taxes make interesting reading. Since the party conferences, clear blue water has emerged between the policies of the major parties. A commitment to cut taxes would add to that divergence. 

The moral case for lower taxes appears to rest on the idea that people are better at spending their own money than governments. Yet, at the same time, it should be stressed, there clearly is a moral case for the government to spend in areas where it needs to, whether it be in terms of providing necessary infrastructure, or in terms of a workable social safety net. Perhaps, when considered this way, the moral case should be less about tax rates and as much about the right social contract. 

Since the war, the fundamental question has not only been to get the right balance between spending and taxation but about positioning the UK economy in the changing world economy.

I prefer to look at this in economic terms.  There are clear economic differences on this topic, but in a globalised world economy there is a need to compete. This does not mean a race to the bottom. We can compete on price or on quality although in reality we need to do both. This requires innovation, investment, infrastructure spending and the right incentives. Creating an enabling environment where people, especially young people, can get jobs and where they are regarded for work is essential to any successful economy.  In this global economic context, low taxes make economic sense.

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